Common and traditional dishes


Discipline: English as a foreign languageCredits: 2

Intermediate level Practical lesson

Lexical theme: Food and restaurant

Grammar: Present Simple and Continuous

Teacher: assistant professor Sultanbayeva Zh.U.


Present simple Explanation Present simple: I live, he works, etc. They work in a bank. Where do you live? He doesn’t wear glasses. Present continuous: be+verb+ ing A Who are you waiting for? B I am waiting for a friend. A Whatare you doing after class? B I’m going to the café. ♦ Use the present continuous (not present simple) for actions in progress at the time of speaking or for future arrangements.
Action and non-action verbs ♦ Verbs which describe actions, e.g. make, cook, can be used in the present simple or continuous. ♦ Verbs which describe states or feelings (not actions), e.g. like, want, beare not normally used in the present continuous. ♦ Common non-action verbs are agree, be, believe, belong, depend, forget, hate, hear, know, like, love, matter, mean, need, prefer, realize, recognize, seem, suppose.
A few verbs have an action and a non-action meaning. The most common is have. I have a big flat. = possession (non-action) I can’t talk now. I’m having lunch. = an activity (action)

Consolidation of grammar.

a) Write questions in the present continuous or present simple.

A Whatare you eating? (you / eat) B Besparmak.

1 AWhere ___________ lunch today? (you / have)BAt home. My mum’s making kuyrdak

2 AWhat ______________? (he / do)BHe is an accountant.

3 A_________________ this weekend? (you / go away) BNo, we are staying here.

4 A________________ to eat out tonight? (you / want) BYes, that would be nice. Where shall we go?

5 AWhat ______________? (she / cook)BI don’t know, but it smells good.

b) She goes to the gym three times a week. (go)

1. He _______________ at home today. (work)

2. __________ you usually _____________ late? (get up)

3. They __________ usually ____________ a big meal in the evening. (not have)

4. What ___________ you ______________ tonight? (do)

5. I ______________ going out to restaurants. (love)

Exercise 1.Warming up. Before reading the text, answer the questions. Then read the text and translate the 3rd paragraph

1 Is food a pleasure for you?

2 What do you normally eat in a typical day?

3 What food is healthier in Kazakh cuisine?

4 Do you ever eat “unhealthy” food? How do you feel about it?

5 What food in Kazakh cuisine do you like most?

Kazakh cuisine

Traditional Kazakh cuisine revolves around mutton and horse meat as well as various milk products. For hundreds of years, Kazakhs were herders who raised fat-tailed sheep, Bactrian camels, and horses, relying on these animals for transportation, clothing, and food. The cooking techniques and major ingredients have been strongly influenced by the nation’s nomadic way of life. For example, most cooking techniques are aimed at long-term preservation of food. There is large practice of salting and drying meat so that it will last, and there is a preference for sour milk, as it is easier to save in a nomadic lifestyle.

Meat in various forms has always been the primary ingredient of Kazakh cuisine, and traditional Kazakh cooking is based on boiling. Horse and mutton are the most popular forms of meat and are most often served in large uncut pieces, which have been boiled. Kazakhs cared especially for horses which they intended to slaughter-keeping them separate from other animals and feeding them so much that they often became so fat they had difficulty moving.

Common and traditional dishes

Besbarmak, a dish consisting of boiled horse or mutton meat, is the most popular Kazakh dish. It is also called “five fingers” because of the way it is eaten. The chunks of boiled meat are cut and served by the host in order of the guests’ importance. Besbarmak is usually eaten with a boiled pasta sheet and a meat both called shorpa,

and is traditionally served in Kazakh bowls called kese.

Manti, a very popular Kazakh dish, is a spiced mixture of ground lamb (or beef) spiced with black pepper, enclosed in a dough wrapper. Manti are cooked in a multi-level steamer and served topped with butter, sour cream, or onion sauce.

The introduction of flour to Kazakh cuisine brought about dishes such as baursak, shelpek. Baursak is made by frying dough balls, and shelpek is a flat cake made in a similar fashion.

Shubat (fermented camel’s milk) and Kumys (fermented mare’s milk) are seen as good for one’s health and is imbibed often.

Exercise 2. Choose the correct variant. 1. The word “herder” on line 2 means: a) an architect b) an engineer c) cattleman d) businessman e) fisherman 2. The word “nomadic” on line 4 is close to: a) migratory b) economic c) educational d) entertaining e) medical 3. Meat in various forms has always been the primary …….. of Kazakh cuisine. a) variant b) ingredient c) flavor d) quantity e) smell 4. Besbarmak, a dish consisting of boiled horse or ………. …………… . a) fried fish b) boiled eggs c) fried eggs d) grilled chicken e) mutton meat

Idioms and saying about food

Match the idioms and sayings about food with their definitions:

1. "An apple a day keeps the doctor away." a. An accountant

2. "Bring home the bacon." b. To be in serious trouble.

3. "A bean counter." c. Someone who just sits on the couch watching TV.

4. "As cool as a cucumber." d. To earn a living for the family.

5. "Cry over spilt milk." e. To remain calm under pressure.

6. "A couch potato." f. To cry or complain about something that has already happened.

7. "In the soup." g. Eating fruit is good/healthy for you

Exercise 3. Match the sentences with above given idioms and sayings about food and discuss it.

1."He landed her in the soup, when he told the policeman she had been drinking." – “In the soup”

2. To remain calm under pressure. "Although he was driving at 110 mph James Bond was as cool as a cucumber."

3. "It's no good crying over spilt milk, what's done is done."

4. "He felt it was his responsibility to bring home the bacon."

5. "She should get out more, she's turning into a real couch potato. "

6. "Even though they had made a profit, they laid people off, because the bean counters told them they would make more money."

7. "She should get out more, she's turning into a real couch potato."

Exercise 4.Discussion. Look at the picture and make up some sentences on theme “Healthy food” using food adjectives:acidic, bland, creamy, fatty, fruity, healthy, nutty, oily, raw, salty, sharp, sour, spicy, sweet, tender, tough.

Food adjectives